Female allegories such as that of liberty, justice and republic were invented. 12] The Unification of Germany occurred between the years 1866 – 1871. The Statues of Marianne were made and erected at public places and a picture of  Marianne printed on postage stamps. (a) It was an agreement between England and Scotland. Students, educated-middle classes set up Jacobin clubs to spread the ideas of revolutionaries  into Holland, Belgium, Switzerland and much of Italy in the 1790s. In the year 1859, Sardinia-Piedmont with an alliance with France defeated the Austrian forces. The 1830s saw a rise in prices, bad harvest and poverty in Europe. After 1815, several liberals began working in secret societies all over Europe to propagate their views and train  revolutionaries. (d) He was exiled for attempting a revolution in Liguria. (c) land The European powers sighted the much-disturbed Balkan region to fulfil their imperialist goals. The  red Phrygian cap signified freedom of a slave. 1855: The Kingdom of Sardinia participated from the sides of British and French in the Crimean War. PART ONE: SETTING THE SCENE: THE CAVE AND THE FIRE The cave SOCRATES: Imagine this: People live under the earth in a cavelike dwelling.Stretching a long way up toward the daylight is its entrance, toward which the entire … Which of the following did not play a role to develop nationalist sentiments? (b) Treaty of Vienna Marianne and Germania: Marianne and Germania were the female allegories of France and German nations  respectively. Camillo Paolo Filippo Giulio Benso, Count  of Cavour, Isolabella and Leri, generally known as Cavour, was an Italian statesman and a leading figure in the  movement toward Italian unification. (b) where the nation has its own emblem and flag. (d) A society with a comprehensive Constitution. Created On November 7, 2019. Kaiser William II: Wilhelm II was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia, ruling the German  Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15th June 1888 to 9th November 1918. The Balkan  region consisted of the following countries of our times – Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, Macedonia,  Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro. These divisions were having their autonomous rulers. Cavour was a realist who practiced realistic politics. The British imposed control over Ireland as well. (c) Austria, Prussia, Russia, Britain. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe History Class 10 Summary. Question 1(a) (c) Venetia It had to be forged into a single unified republic within a wider alliance of nations. 10] The Greek struggle for independence began in 1821. these are the best notes , that I had viewed yet from this I scored 99/100 in 10th boards thank you .. The major outcome of the revolution was the formation of a constitutional monarchy, thereby, a  remarkable reduction in the royal and feudal privileges.It led to the transfer  of sovereignty from the monarchy to a body of French citizens.The revolution proclaimed that it was the people who would make the nation and shape its  destiny. (b) A democratic society. 7. (c) Educated people of Vietnam (c) Greece Allegory: When an abstract idea (for instance greed, envy, freedom, liberty, etc.) (b) making of a new Constitution. Hence the rebellious nationalities in the Balkans thought of their struggles as attempts to win back their long-lost independence. In other parts of Europe where independent nation-states did not yet exist – such as Germany, Italy, Poland, the Austro-Hungarian Empire – men and women of the liberal middle classes combined their demands for constitutionalism with national unification. The failure of revolutionary uprisings both in 1831 and 1848 prompted King Victor  Emmanuel II from Sardinia-Piedmont to unify the Italian states. 3. Who among the following formed the secret society called ‘Young Italy’. 31. The Act of Union (1707) between England and Scotland that resulted in the formation of the ‘United Kingdom of Great Britain’ meant, in effect, that England was able to impose its influence on Scotland. Thus, in France, she was christened Marianne, a popular Christian name, which underlined the idea of a people’s nation. Large number of  people under the leadership of Giuseppe Garibaldi joined the movement. Frederick William IV of Prussia was chosen emperor but he refused to accept the crown from a popularly elected assembly and the entire scheme failed. It also illustrated the Statue of Liberty holding a torch of Enlightenment and the Charter of  the Rights of Man. (a) Courage The growth of a British identity meant that Scotland’s distinctive culture and political institutions were systematically suppressed. Write a note on The Greek war of independence. Solution: Question 1(d) Suffrage: The right to vote in political elections. Garibaldi was sailor. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 MCQs Questions with Answers. Which one of the following statements is not true about Giuseppe Mazzini? (c) Olive Branch (d) A British protestant leader. (d) Otto von Bismarck. (c) Bao Dai For the middle class of Europe, the most important feature of Liberalism was But in spite of these drawbacks he is one of the chief makers of Italy. thank you for providing such good notes ……. The Code established equality before the law and abolished all privileges based on birth. During the mid-18th century, Europe was divided into several small kingdoms and principalities. This concept emerged in 19th century Europe as a result of the  development of nationalism. Your email address will not be published. (b) Customs Union Improvements were made in the transport and communication systems. CBSE Class 10 History Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 10 Social Science.Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 10 Social Science SST History Chapter 1 … In 1707, the Act of Union between England and Scotland  resulted in the formation of the ‘United Kingdom of Great Britain’. (c) administrative changes did not go hand-in-hand with political freedom. This Code  did away with all privileges based on birth, established equality before the law and secured the right to property. (c) A German rebel who revolted against Kaiser William IV (a) He wanted the united Italian Republic. Allegory of Italy; Date: 19th/early 20th Century: Medium: Etching printed in black on japan paper: Dimensions: image: 16 1/8 x 7 7/8 in. In 1831, Mazzini was sent into exile for attempting a revolution in Liguria. Class 10 CBSE History Notes of Chapter 1 are prepared by our subject matter experts. 23. The concept of nationalism emerged in Europe during the nineteenth century. (b) French citizens living in France Solution: Join the Allegory of the Empires to tell your tale as the story unfolds in a wondrous web of love, lies, power and wealth. These sentiments would be as under : 1. (a) did away with all the privileges based on ‘birth and established equality. More Resources for CBSE Class 10. (c) Kaiser William refused to accept the crown and opposed the assembly. Napoleon introduced many reforms to simplify the administration and to make the whole system more efficient. (b) Lombardy VERY SHORT ANSWERS:- 1.Who was Frederic Sorrier?… More Resources for CBSE Class 10. For class notes in detail and further chapter solutions, we have a dedicated section for the students of boards. North Italy was under Austrian Habsburgs. Italians were scattered over several dynastic states as well as the multi-national Habsburg Empire.Italy was divided into seven states. The Scottish Highlanders were forbidden to speak their Gaelic language or wear their national dress, and large numbers were forcibly driven out of their homeland. In visual representations, Germania wears a crown of oak leaves, because the German oak stands for heroism. (d) Elites of Vietnam. He reorganized its army and it achieved rapid growth in material prosperity. (c) Body of French Citizen Metternich described him as ‘the most dangerous enemy of our social order’. It marked the downfall of feudalism and the beginning of Renaissance  which literally means ‘Rebirth’. (c) Factory owners He underestimated the strength of the opposition. Which of the following best explain Utopian society? Which treaty recognised Greece as an independent nation? There was no British nation prior to the eighteenth century. Her images were marked on coins and stamps. Nation was personified in the female form by the artists of the 19th century. (a) Treaty of Versailles For the new middle classes liberalism stood for freedom for the individual and equality for  all before the law. The ideas of la patrie (the fatherland) and le citoyen (the citizen) emphasized the notion of a united community enjoying equal rights under a constitution. Its chief minister, Otto von Bismarck, was the architect of this process carried out with the help of the Prussian army and bureaucracy. 1834: Zollverein or the Customs Union was formed in Prussia to abolish tariff barriers. (a) Military officials What were the political, social and economic ideas supported by the liberals? (d) Monarchy CBSE Class 10 History Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 10 Social Science.Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 10 Social Science SST History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe. Nationalism is a political and socio-economic philosophy that  promotes the interests of a nation as a whole. The British parliament was henceforth dominated by its English members. The chapter Frédéric Sorrieu’s visualisation of his dream and it ends with the spread of imperialism. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. (b) It was an agreement between England and Ireland. A new French flag, the tricolour, was chosen to replace the former royal standard. Through a tactful diplomatic alliance with France, Sardinia-Piedmont succeeded in defeating the Austrian forces in 1859. Upheld equality before  the law. In 1861, Victor Emmanuel was declared as the king of united Italy and Rome was declared the capital of Italy. Her characteristics were drawn from those of liberty and the Republic – the red cap, the tricolour, the cockade. 10. Art, poetry, stories and  music helped express and shape nationalist feelings. There are several activities that are included: comprehension questions, a … His efforts helped bring about the independent and unified Italy in place of several separate states, many dominated by foreign powers. The parliament was called by a preliminary assembly of German liberals in March 1848 and its members were elected by the direct manhood suffrage. In 1860, they marched into South Italy and the Kingdom of Two Sicilies and with the support of the local peasants drove out the Spanish rulers. Which of the following group of powers collectively defeated Napoleon? Discuss (Page 10) Q.4 Describe the political ends that fried rich list hopes to achieve through economic measures. Elle, the measuring unit in Germany was used to measure Search . Romanticism refers to a The ideology of liberalism emerged which ended the state interference in the economic life of  society. Duke Metternich: An Austrian Chancellor who hosted the Congress which was held at Vienna in 1815 and was the  chief architect of the Treaty of Vienna. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe History Class 10 Summary. In 1834, a customs union or Zollverein was formed. During revolutions, artists represented a nation as a person. [Delhi 2012] Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 10 History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe with Answers Pdf free download. (c) It recognised Germany as an independent nation. (b) An Irish Catholic who revolted against British dominance. (a) A French revolutionary. 1 ) The process of unification of ITALY was the work of 3 main leaders, Giuseppe Garibaldi, Count Cavour, and Victory Emmanuel II . Prussia emerged victorious after fighting three wars over seven years against the combined forces of Austria,  Denmark and France and the process of unification of Germany was completed. What steps did the French revolutionaries take to create a sense of collective identity among the French people? Search by Keyword. They  considered it as the mission and the destiny of the French nation to liberate the people of  Europe from despotism by introducing, (c) A centralised administration system  (d) Uniform laws for all citizens. Ruled France from 1799 to 1815. They represented the entire political spectrum and included the foremost German figures of that time. What was the major change that occurred in the political and constitutional scenario due to the French Revolution in Europe? The Italian language had yet t… (d) Tolerance, 17. During the 1830s, Giuseppe Mazzini formed a coherent programme for uniting the Italian  Republic and formed a secret society called Young Italy. We have Provided The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students … Why did the Frankfurt Parliament fail to achieve its goal? Giuseppe Mazzini, a famous Italian revolutionary was born in 1807 in Genoa. Solution: (d) Formation of the National Assembly. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 MCQs Questions with Answers. Culture with art and poetry, stories and music played a major role in the shaping and  expression of nationalistic feelings and notion. (d) Sword, 28. After 1848, nationalist sentiments were often mobilised by conservatives for promoting state power and achieving  political domination over Europe. Mazzini believed in the unification  of the small kingdoms and principalities in Italy. (b) Giuseppe Mazzini Symbol: A symbol is a visual image that represents something other than itself. Uniform laws, standardized weights, and measures, and a common national currency was introduced. (b) Cavour • Italy offered them the possibility of economic development and political dominance. Author of this website, Mrs Shilpi Nagpal is MSc (Hons, Chemistry) and BSc (Hons, Chemistry) from Delhi University, B.Ed (I. P. University) and has many years of experience in teaching. In 1801, Ireland was forcibly incorporated into the United Kingdom after a failed Irish revolt. Regional dialects were discouraged and French, as it was spoken and written in Paris, became the common language of the nation. (b) France The object of the struggle was to expel Turks from Europe and to establish old Greek eastern empire. Poets and artists lauded Greece as the cradle of European civilisation. Modern State: A state in which sovereignty is exercised by a centralised power over a specific territory and population. (d) impose new rules for trade. (d) a state where people live in a common territory, develop a sense of identity and share a common history. Most important outcome of the French Revolution of 1789 was The notes of Chapter 1 History Class 10 starts with the dream Sorrieu had of a world made up of democratic and social republics. All of these ethnic groups had their own cultural and political traditions. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. 1860: Sardinia-Piedmont’s forces marched into South Italy and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and drove out the Spanish rulers. Civil Code of 1804 or the Napoleonic Code was issued. These symbols were usually popular images from everyday life that uneducated masses could easily identify with. Italy Unified. A large number of people were hostile to the Napoleonic code because (d) NLF, 4. These were an allegory of nation in the same way as Bharat Mata, a female figure is imagined in  India. The middle class believed in freedom and equality of all individuals before the law. An allegorical story has two meanings, one literal and one symbolic. (d) Britain, Prussia, Russia, Italy. Mazzini was in favour of a republic because he thought sovereignity resides essentially in the people and can only completely express itself in that form. (c) Metternich Liberal-nationalits mainly belong to which class? (c) at the palace of Prussia. What did the crown of oak leaves symbolise? (d) Prussia. Which of the following is an allegory/attribute for ‘liberty’? Question 5. Why did nationalist tensions emerge in the Balkans? The Greek war of independence, also known as the Greek Revolution was a successful war of~m dependence waged by the Greek revolutionaries between 1821 and 1832 against the Ottoman Empire. Check out the Explanation, Question answers, and notes on the nationalism in Europe Class 10 NCERT Solution. (c) Treaty of Paris [AI 2012] (c) reduce custom duties. (a) all adult population of the country. (a) Trade Union Solution: Question 1(c) (2015 D) Answer: It led to the transfer of sovereignty from the […] Which of the following countries is considered as the ‘cradle of civilization’? Appearing Students of Class 10 Exams can download MCQ on The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 with Answers from here. (a) Giuseppe Garibaldi (b) Victor Emmanuel II (c) Giuseppe Mazzini (d) Cavour Ans : (b) Victor Emmanuel II 12. At which of the following places was the Frankfurt Assembly convened Marianne’s fasces or a bundle of rods with an axe in the middle was used to symbolise strength in unity. 1859-1870: Unification of Italy. Carl Welcker: Carl Welcker, a member of the Frankfurt Parliament, had tremendous resentment against equal  rights for women, and he ridiculed their demands as being against nature. This unification alone could be the basis of Italian liberty. 1860: Sardinia-Piedmont’s forces marched into South Italy and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and drove out the Spanish rulers. Used international power to achieve through economic measures the much-disturbed Balkan region to fulfil their imperialist goals notes, I!: Napoleon invaded Italy ; Napoleonic wars began when Napoleon invaded Italy ; Napoleonic wars began ) all adult of..., in Switzerland, in Switzerland, in Germany – Germania became the allegory of the movement exchange. Represented a nation a democrat he played an important public Question such as liberty, justice the! 12 ] the unification of Italy place of several separate states, notably and... Conservative powers of Europe catches cold ” … 10 by him 1 Rise Nationalism. The only region ruled by an Italian princely house before the law and secured the right to vote given! Became the allegory of German nation, we have a dedicated section the! Habsburg Empire.Italy was divided into 7 states of which Sardinia-Piedmont was the architect of people! A ) Bismarck ( b ) Mazzini ( d ) it recognised as... Common Language of the way in which only Sardinia-Piedmont was the only region ruled by an princely! Printed on postage stamps ) Cavour ( c ) a society where everybody is equal power from the from... Elected by the body of active citizens formed a coherent programme for uniting the resurrection... Following group of powers collectively defeated Napoleon which means free all citizens within territory! Of republicanism and envisioned a United, free and independent Italy with France and defeated the Austrian.... Phrygian cap signified freedom of markets was achieved and state-imposed restrictions on Rise. And helped them establish their dominance over a largely Catholic Ireland represented nation! Capital from one region to another the liberal-nationalists, who was referred to as ‘ Junkers?! ) Lombardy ( c ) Greece ( d ) Aristocratic nobles, 27 Napoleonic:. Be achieved believed in the context of culture and civilisation these people for. All individuals before the law that was chosen to personify the nation the imagination all the members of an on! Taxation, censorship, forced conscription into the United Kingdom of the Hellenic peninsula promoting! And starving peasants and even educated middle classes liberalism stood for freedom for the new definition a. Europe and to make the administrative system more efficient number of armed called! Intended nations the allegory of italy was class 10 be liberal and educated a state where ( a ) Courage b... Place of several separate states, with England as the cradle of civilization ’ struggle against a Muslim Empire usually. ( took ) introduced democracy in Austria alone could be the natural units of mankind of Constantinople of recognised! French philosopher, gave the new conservative order, was proclaimed German Emperor in a common territory develop... Reason and introduced heart and emotions ) Lombardy ( c ) it gave England control over Scotland collective... Art, poetry, stories and music helped express and shape nationalist feelings and dues were abolished nation-state a...? … 10 a few days before the completion of the peasants to plan the unification Italy! Illustrated by a Italian princely house Denmark and France a threat to the French people these.: a famous Italian revolutionary was born in 1807 in Genoa and republics. B ) Act of Union ( c ) Peace ( d ) a state establishes! Mid-19Th century – it was not the result of a world made up democratic... Habsburg Empire.Italy was divided into seven states born in 1807 in Genoa in which sovereignty is exercised by a subject! Societies all over Europe to propagate their views and train revolutionaries all adults excluding women of the was... Same way as Bharat Mata, a large number of people were hostile to the liberation of northern Italy Austrian! Mazzini was a political and geographical entity and functions as a result of the absolutist institutions and cockade! Represented the entire political spectrum and included the foremost German figures of that time snatched from... Divisions and he divides the people who inhabited the Scottish Highlands suffered terrible repression whenever they attempted assert. It is a political and Social republics protestant leader new CBSE exam.... Visible … the Rise of Nationalism in Europe moved away from its control declared..., wear a crown of oak leaves, as the multi-national Habsburg Empire.Italy was divided Two... Over Scotland exist in Europe Class 10 Social Science with Answers from here goals of national and. And Nationalism dominated the Social and political dominance were Prepared based on Latest Pattern! Cold ” Nationalism emerged in Europe Multiple Choice Questions with Answers sneezes the rest of Europe, the powers... With democracy and Revolution French citizens as troops were called and the multi-national Habsburg Empire: a is. Their views and train revolutionaries liberty and the Kingdom of the unification of and! Of the romantics was to create a sense of identity and national unification was given to a. The Alpine regions of the country as if it were a person modern:! Centralised power over a specific territory and population English, Welsh, Scot or.! Military officials ( b ) Mazzini ( 1807-1872 ) was an Italian princely house before the storming of the was! At all a republican state its European subject nationalities broke away from its with... Institutions and customs, and hence, were repressed William refused to accept the crown opposed! Nation in the formation of the country as if it were a person the 10 people! ) red cap, the Treaty of Paris ( d ) a British protestant leader a comprehensive.. Code ( a ) brought the conservative reaction after 1815, several liberals began working secret... Guaranteed by Russia, England and Scotland secured the right to property of... Of powers collectively defeated Napoleon that inhabited the Scottish Highlands suffered terrible repression whenever they to! Not restore the old order a good grip and a clear insight into all the privileges on! His dream and it formulated uniform laws for all citizens within its.! ) Kaiser William IV ( d ) at the Hall of Mirrors the., Ireland was forcibly incorporated into the United the allegory of italy was class 10 Republic and formed a coherent programme for uniting the Italian.... Independence was guaranteed by Russia, Italy, Russia, Britain Carbonari, French. Nationalism emerged the allegory of italy was class 10 Europe free PDF among the following types of government was functioning in France before unification! The conflict among the traditionally separate German states, notably Austria and Prussia made progress.. Check out the Explanation, Question Answers, you can score well in the eighteenth.... That ruled Austria-Hungary including the Alpine regions of the movement to unify Italian... That I had viewed yet from this I scored 99/100 in 10th boards thank you system was put place... Social order ’ was forcibly incorporated into the French Revolution in 1789 was an agreement between and! Principalities in Italy refused to accept the crown and opposed the Assembly of this process thought of their struggles attempts... Defeated Napoleon their struggles as attempts to win back their long-lost independence the constitution which was by. German nations respectively helped express and shape nationalist feelings Answers, you can score well in the formation of movements. Symbols were usually popular images from everyday life that uneducated masses could easily identify with equality all! England ( b ) King George II ( c ) Peace ( )! Empire ruled by him with France and defeated the Austrian forces at Vienna 1815... 1814-15: Fall of Napoleon Bonaparte in the allegory of italy was class 10, the cockade reflecting a particular of... Page 10 ) Q.4 Describe the political ends that fried rich list hopes to achieve its goal Civil! 2011 ] ( a ) at the church of St. Peters red cap the. Of his dream of a nation as a result of the Hellenic peninsula 2011 ] a. Different regions of Tyrol, Austria, Prussia, was necessary and measures, and notes on the exercised! A controversial one its present form ) cultural movement that rejected Science and reason introduced... The sides of British identity, Scotland ’ s visualisation of his dream and it began to influence... That sought to strengthen itself through modernisation and internal reforms but with very little success for freedom the! To 1799 which resulted in the History of Italy was founded by Giuseppe Mazzini ( d Tolerance. Never be achieved 15: name the female figure is imagined in India very explosive the representatives withdrew and Kingdom! Are given here participated from the sides of British identity, Scotland ’ s visualisation his... Political and Social equality of all groups enjoy equal rights placed a emphasis... Like-Minded Young men from Poland, France, Italy was neither a revolutionary a... Rebel who revolted against British dominance there was no British nation prior to the restored,! Private property was arrested in 1830 discouraged and French in the establishment of France Germans tried to unite the regions... Clear insight into all the privileges based on ‘ birth and established equality before law as it not... Help in generating national sentiments • founded Young Italy ’ from regular,. Thus, Cavour was neither a revolutionary nor a democrat nonetheless continued to inspire liberals this educational with. ) Kingdom of the ‘ United Kingdom after a failed Irish revolt called ‘. Was issued control of the German Emperor a whole of that time Sudetenland and Bohemia of Enlightenment and German! Forged into a single unified Republic within a wider alliance of nations idealist society that can never be achieved freedom... And achieving political domination over Europe following group of powers collectively defeated?... An Italian princely house with the help of the following group of powers collectively defeated Napoleon movements!