2See Fee, pp. Werner Bible Commentary "For freedom Christ has freed us" — Galatians 5:1. He has spoken enthusiastically in praise of the superiority of love as the greatest amongst graces, and of all graces as superior to all gifts; but still, though we are to “do this,” we are not to leave the other undone. 1. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). The Greek paints a picture of “hunters in the chase.” “Strive for love with every means in your power!! Superiority of the gift of prophecy to that of tongues, vv. The Apostle is discoursing in this Chapter, on Spiritual Gifts, and Prophecy. As Paul said in, : “Set your hearts, then, on the more important gifts.”, Because we use “prophecy” to mean “predicting the future,” it is not the best word of translation. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Corinthians. The Corinthians had overestimated the value of spiritual gifts, especially tongue speaking, and Paul did all he could to correct this overemphasis. They would naturally, perhaps, most highly prize the power of working miracles and of speaking foreign languages. Even though the miraculous gifts were for a limited time (see the preceding discussion on), God regulated their use. That what he said was intelligible to himself, and could be interpreted to others. !” Yet love does not replace the spiritual gifts. From the analogy of musical instruments. 1 Corinthians 14:6-11 Tongues not understood, like indistinct musical. To prophesy is the greatest gift; it is so, as we see afterwards, because it makes us useful to our brethren; therefore it is to be striven for rather than any other gift. Скорее, напротив, он хвалит стремление к этим дарам, и хочет, чтобы они имели место в Церкви. Greek. 1.] Love is the “best of all,” even greater than faith and hope! Достигайте любви Эти слова являются повелением каждому верующему. Desire zealously this (prophecy) more than any other spiritual gift, especially in preference to "tongues," (1 Corinthians 14:2, etc.). More information on the gift of "prophecy," which is expressed here as a present tense verb, is found in the following verses as well as the commentary ona; 12:10a, 27-28; 14:31. a. Tongues inferior to prophecy, as less building-up the Church, 1 Corinthians 14:1-21. Слово «вы» подчеркивает общее желание церкви. Because we use “prophecy” to mean “predicting the future,” it is not the best word of translation. But rather that ye may prophesy; but rather, or principally that you may be able to reveal the mind and will of God unto others. The ASV translates this "earnestly desire" and the KJV simply says "desire." The apostle propounds to the Corinthians a threefold object: charity, spiritual gifts, and prophecy. In Paul told the Corinthians to "desire earnestly the greater gifts," but he also said there was the "more excellent way" (love, chapter13). but rather—"but chiefly that ye may prophesy" (speak and exhort under inspiration) (Pr 29:18; Ac 13:1; 1Th 5:20), whether as to future events, that is, strict prophecy, or explaining obscure parts of Scripture, especially the prophetical Scriptures or illustrating and setting forth questions of Christian doctrine and practice. That this gift should be specially connected with prophesying, as in Acts 19:6, "they spake with tongues and prophesied," and elsewhere, is to be explained from the fact that all speaking under divine, supernatural influence, was included under the head of prophesying; and as all who spake with tongues "spake as the Spirit gave them utterance," in the wide sense of the word they all prophesied. in general: i.e. Follow after love; yet desire earnestly spiritual gifts, but rather that ye may prophesy. "Follow after" includes the activity of the will: 'desire zealously' implies entreaty in prayer. Acts 18 12:2), on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens, Heb. also Rückert), which first comes in at 1 Corinthians 14:2, and that with a definite designation. 1 Corinthians 14:1-4. In fact, this word could be translated "earnestly follow." 1 Corinthians Commentary. However, there is another force operative in the tongue-speakings of post-apostolic times, and that is satanic instigation. Paul and Luke were friends; and the use of the same word to describe God's gift is used here which is used in Acts 2; and, since Acts was written by Luke at a time after Paul wrote the Corinthians, "It would seem logical that Luke would have noted the distinction between the two phenomena, if any existed."[1]. Yes, but only to the extent that it had been perverted by dragging it into the public worship. ζηλοῦτε δὲ κ. τ. In this the third chapter of Paul's writings specifically related to tongue speaking and other spiritual gifts, the full thrust of his purpose is revealed. XX, Number 13. Paul here does not now any longer speak expressly of knowledge, for it, in respect of the other gifts, coincides with prophecy, 1 Corinthians 14:6. There seems to be a contradiction between 1 Corinthians 14:22 and 1 Corinthians 14:23-25. ii. dzeyldte, Desire earnestly spiritual gifts. Covet spiritual gifts. The word μᾶλλον, rather, does not therefore exclude the pursuit of these two last gifts; on the contrary, it implies it. 1 Corinthians 14:34 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Corinthians 14:34, NIV: "Women should remain silent in the churches.They are not allowed to speak, but must be in submission, as the law says." But if, when they assembled, all the speakers spoke so as to be understood, and under the influence of the Spirit, then men would be convinced and converted, and God glorified, 1 Corinthians 14:23-25. The N.T. Considering the way the New Testament uses telos in other passages, it certainly seems to speak about the coming of Jesus (1 Corinthians 1:8, 15:24, James 5:11, Revelation 20:5, 20:7, 21:6, and 22:13). On the meaning of the word “prophesy,” see the note at Romans 11:6. 14:62; Lu. Дабы коринфяне не возразили, что презирать дары Божии значит оскорблять Бога, апостол упреждает эту мысль и свидетельствует: у него нет намерения отваживать их даже от тех даров, которыми они злоупотребляли. 1 Corinthians 14:1. διώκετε τ. ἀγάπην] pursue after love; asyndetic, but following with all the greater emphasis upon the praise of love, chap. Follow after charity - Pursue love 1 Corinthians 13:1; that is, earnestly desire it; strive to possess it; make it the object of your anxious and constant solicitude to obtain it, and to be influenced by it always. To compare a steak-knife to a wood-chisel and claim the knife is superior makes no sense unless you have cutting steak in mind. ζηλοῦτε, ἵνα … as the aim of your ζῆλος). Such a thing, of course, can also be produced through the influence of a kind of mob psychology which is sometimes evidenced in religious groups. It is love then. Paul may have been saying the Corinthians needed multiple gifts, or he may have been describing all the gifts the Holy Spirit was able to give. The preceding chapter is parenthetical, and the Apostle here returns to the subject with which he had been immediately occupied before he branched off into that great Psalm of Love. And desire spiritual gifts - I do not forbid you, while you make the possession of love your great object, and while you do not make the desire of spiritual gifts the occasion of envy or strife, to desire the miraculous endowments of the Spirit and to seek to excel in those endowments which he imparts; see the note at 1 Corinthians 12:31. In accordance with these principles, the apostle exhorts his readers to follow after love; i.e. The object of this chapter is to show them that the ability to speak in a plain, clear, instructive manner, so as to edify the church and convince sinners, was a more valuable endowment than the power of working miracles, or the power of speaking foreign languages. The same word is used here as in 1 Corinthians 12:31. 1 Corinthians 14:1-40. In Classical Greek follow described chasing or hunting someone or something. Why among these gifts, all desirable, does prophecy occupy the first rank? He observes, therefore, an admirable medium, by disapproving of nothing that was useful, while at the same time he exhorts them not to prefer, by an absurd zeal, things of less consequence to what was of primary importance. That the unintelligibleness of what was said, arose not from the sounds uttered being inarticulate, but from the ignorance of the hearer. While the New Testament normally uses this word to describe persecution ( Matthew 5:10-12; Matthew 5:44), here the meaning seems to be to follow or to pursue something as a goal. Let them go on walking firmly in the path of love, and let them also go on earnestly desiring what is spiritual, including the gracious gifts of God he has described, in order that they may be used in love. He has spoken enthusiastically in praise of the superiority of love as the greatest amongst graces, and of all graces as superior to all gifts; but still, though we are to “do this,” we are not to leave the other undone. and desire — Translate, “Yet (as a secondary aim) desire zealously (see on 1 Corinthians 12:31) spiritual gifts.”. Pursue love, yet desire earnestly spiritual gifts, but especially that you may prophesy. "Follow after charity; but desire spiritual gifts, and especially to prophesy.". Biblical Commentary (Bible study) 1 Corinthians 13:1-13 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Corinth was an important and wealthy city on the isthmus (narrow strip of land) separating Northern and Southern Greece. That he who speaks with tongues edifies only himself, whereas, he who prophesies edifies the church, 1 Corinthians 14:4, 1 Corinthians 14:5. No! In the first twenty-five verses Paul demonstrated the superiority of prophecy over tongue speaking. (; 1 Thessalonians 5:19-20; 1 Timothy 4:14) After all, God gave them for a reason, and they had great benefit for the church when exercised properly. ÷1 CORINTHIANS 14:1-5. 1 Corinthians 14:23-25 but in the assemblies of the church prophecy is more useful. "At the end of chap12, where he had been speaking specifically of the gifts themselves as gracious endowments, he told them, "eagerly desire the greater charismata." Yet the communications of the prophets were always in the vernacular tongue, and were always in intelligible language, and in this respect different from the endowments of those who spoke foreign languages. Alford was a Calvinist, conservative and premillennial, though not dispensational. Every one must feel, however, the truth of the remark of Chrysostom in his commentary on this chapter: "This whole passage is very obscure; but the obscurity arises from our ignorance of the facts described, which, though familiar to those to whom the apostle wrote, have ceased to occur." Hence, he who had the gift of tongues should pray for the gift of interpretation; as without the latter gift, however devotional he might be, his prayers could not profit others, 1 Corinthians 14:13, 1 Corinthians 14:14. As noted in the commentary on, the Holy Spirit "distributed" gifts to specific people, so the Corinthians could not control what gifts they received. An outcome of this production was the New Testament for English Readers (4 vols.). Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Corinthians 14 and more! They would naturally, perhaps, most highly prize the power of working miracles and of speaking foreign languages. (1) He infers now of what he spoke before: therefore seeing charity is the chiefest of all, before all things set it before you as chief and principal. It is plain from the present chapter that the Corinthians measured the worth of the several spiritual gifts not so much from their power to edify the church, as from their adaptedness to strike the beholders with wonder. Why has the phenomenon of counterfeit tongues persisted? ** There is never a point in our lives that we can stop pursuing the love described in 1 Corinthians 13:4-8. Now he assigns the first place to prophecy. The same truth might be spoken by both; the influence of the Spirit was equally necessary in both; both were inspired; and both answered important ends in the establishment and edification of the church. On the phrase “spiritual gifts,” see the note at 1 Corinthians 12:1. would be left standing in an isolated position,—but in such a way that he sets over against the latter the ζηλοῦν τὰ πν. Striving for love does not mean forgetting everything else. Paul was discussing spiritual gifts and he was thinking of multiple gifts (in the Greek text the word spiritual is expressed with the plural). The same truth might be spoken by both; the influence of the Spirit was equally necessary in both; both were inspired; and both answered important ends in the establishment and edification of the church. more for this than for others[; chiefly]) that ye may prophesy (sc. (Witham). And desire Translate 'Yet (as a secondary aim) desire zealously spiritual gifts with prayer and in And desire. James Rosscup writes that "This was the great work in the life of the versatile Dean of Canterbury. Follow after love (διωκετε την αγαπην — diōkete tēn agapēn). They are under His sovereign control and yet we are to seek them, not demandingly, but gratefully, because we seek the good of all. Ибо, как он пытался доказать ранее, любовь – наивысшая добродетель. 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