A Concordance of the Septuagint: Giving Various Readings from Codices Vaticanus, Alexandrinus, Sinaiticus, and Ephraemi, With an Appendix of Words F [Morrish, George] on Amazon.com. What are some of the oldest manuscripts of the Bible currently in existence? The oldest claim has been disproved elsewhere. Both Sinaiticus and Vaticanus completely omit most of 2 and all of verse 3. Two of the oldest complete (or nearly complete) manuscripts are the Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus. In this instance they had no faith at all and Jesus tells them that if they had just a little bit of faith they could remove mountains. VATICANUS omits the following verses while Sinaiticus retains them: Matthew 12:47. Are only the original manuscripts of the Bible inerrant. They are included in the Didache 150 AD, and the Diatessaron 170 AD (200 years before Sinaticus and Vaticanus) . Of these, Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus have been exalted as the “oldest and best” manuscripts. Sinaiticus joins the KJB reading with, "I go not up YET unto this feast", and so does the NIV, but B says: "I DO NOT GO to this feast", and so does the NASB, thus making our Lord a liar. Nazareth is in Galilee, not Judea. Handwritten well over 1600 years ago, the manuscript contains the Christian Bible in Greek, including the oldest complete copy of the New Testament. Matthew 24:35 - "Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away"; Luke 10:32; 17:35; John 9:38; 16:15; 21:25; and I Corinthians 13:2. 1209, a 4th century uncial manuscript of the Septuagint and the New Testament, is, along with the Codex Sinaiticus, one of the two extant 4th century manuscripts of the Old and New Testament in Greek, the language used by the early Christians. The Lord tells them, "Because of your UNBELIEF: for verily I say unto you, If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye shall say unto this mountain, Remove hence to yonder place; and it shall remove." This is the character of these two manuscripts and bible versions in a nutshell. in Vaticanus reads "Death is swallowed up in CONTROVERSY. Unfortunately th… Copyright 2011-2021 Got Questions Ministries - All Rights Reserved. Codex Sinaiticus is one of the most important books in the world. And be it remembered that the omissions, additions, substitutions, transpositions, and modifications, are by no means the same in both. ", The purpose of this article is to give you just a few of many examples of how contradictory and confusing these two "oldest and best" manuscripts really are when contrasted with the Traditional Greek Text that underlies the King James Bible of 1611. And in the morning, It will be foul weather today: for the sky is red and lowring. "After these things the Lord appointed other SEVENTY also, and sent them two and two before his face." Also in just these three verses we see that the word 'this' of THIS FEAST is omitted by B but found in Aleph, but the NASB and NIV both omit the word, while "UNTO THEM" is in the NASB and B, but not in the NIV or Aleph, and "AS IT WERE" is in B and the NASB, but not in Aleph and the NIV. In Luke 2:1-12, Vaticanus’ text is more accurate than the text in minuscule 1295, but the text in 1295 is more accurate than the text in Sinaiticus. Some 800 of the original 1,400 handwritten vellum pages remain. First, the owners could have recognized that these manuscripts had been perverted by heretics. "But we were GENTLE among you, even as a nurse cherisheth her children." O death, where is your sting? Matthew 11:15, "He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. Sinaiticus reads: "For THE SHEEP are passed away. It is not until AFTER our Lord said all these things and He Himself voluntarily gave up His own life that we read in John 19:34, "one of the soldiers with a spear piered his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water". Mr. Burgon states on page 11; "Singular to relate Vaticanus and Aleph have within the last 20 years established a tyrannical ascendance over the imagination of the Critics, which can only be fitly spoken of as a blind superstition. Yet B omits Luke 23:34 "Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do" while it is retained in Sinaiticus and this time kept in the NASB, NIV. Most translations of the New Testament today use what is called a ‘critical text’. Here we have two different prophets quoted. "And when the daughter of Herodias came in, and danced, and pleased Herod..." both Aleph and B read, "And when HIS daugher Herodias came in and danced", thus making Herodias the daughter of Herod. Jun 17 Blog. Today, there are three main manuscripts of the Septuagint, in existence: Codex Alexandrinus, Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus. Sinaiticus’ Text-Type Shifts in the First Eight Chapters of John. Literally thousands of words have been omitted from the KJB text primarily on the basis of Aleph or B, yet the modern versions follow no discernable or logical pattern as to when they decide to include or exclude readings from one or the other. "When it is evening, ye say, It will be fair weather: for the sky is red. Vaticanus, Codex. There could be a couple of reasons why these two manuscripts were preserved so well. Another error still retained in the NASB and NIV is found in this verse. It consists of more than 400 pages that include much of the Old Testament in Greek along with the complete New Testament. I think it's our most… We know that it is a 759-page documentthat had been dated back to the mid-300s AD. However both Aleph and B read "little faith" instead of "no faith" and so the NASB, NIV read: "Because you have SO LITTLE FAITH. Vaticanus is a better manuscript than Sinaiticus for portions of the New Testament. When, why, where or how were entire Bible books added and … Alexandrinus (A 02), Bezae Canatbrigiensis (D 05). Codex Vaticanus is a manuscript that is equally as old as Codex Sinaiticus. - a clear geographical error (one of many). In which Bible can I get an accurate English translation of John 1:1 stemming from the Codex Vaticanus. What is commonly referred to as the Lord's Prayer ends with these words: "For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. This is the true character of these two "oldest and best" manuscripts and it is utterly amazing to see so many Christians using modern versions which are based on them. "And the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of GALILEE, named Nazareth." If they had a little bit of faith to begin with, it doesn't make sense to tell them they only need a mustard seed of faith to accomplish great things. The KJB reads: "As it is written IN THE PROPHETS, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way BEFORE THEE. Obviously some very careless scribes took this reading from John's gospel and placed it in Matthew 27:49 where it is completely out of order. They were probably written in the fourth century. Scribe A wrote most of the historical and poetical books of the Old Testament, almost the whole of the New Testament, and the Epistle of Barnabas 2. Most current scholars consider the Codex Vaticanus to be one of the most important Greek witnesses to the Greek text of the New Testament, followed by the Codex Sinaiticus. Sinaiticus codex Usually designated by the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet, is one of the most valuable of ancient MSS. An error is still retained in the NASB, NIV, and is the result of following Aleph and B. That is why it says prophets - plural. "And I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud: and A RAINBOW was upon his head..." Sinaiticus says: "clothed with a cloud with HAIR on his head. Nestle admitted that he had to change his Greek text (when using Vaticanus and … In Mark 1:1-2, both Aleph and B change 'the prophets' to 'Isaiah', and both omit the words "before thee". Here, B reads 72 sent and so does the NIV, but Aleph reads 70, and so does the NASB. O grave, where is your CONTROVERSY.". The manuscripts include all of the Tanach and some additional apocryphal books that used to be in the Hebrew Bible, but were removed from it during the Talmudic period. But if they had no faith, then Jesus' words make sense. Dr. Hort contends that [Vaticanus]… lay ‘perdu’ (abandoned) on a forgotten shelf in the Vatican library;- Dr. Tischendorf, that [Sinaiticus] had been deposited in a waste-paper basket in the convent of St. Catherine at the foot of Mount Sinai;­­- from which he rescued it on the 4th of February, 1859; Some have conjectured that it was written around the time of Constantine when the Emperor “ordered 50 copies of the Scriptures.” This being the case, some of the ways that the text is framed without “ornamentation” can p… Linguistic scholars have observed that Codex Vaticanus is reminiscent of classical and Platonic Greek, not Koine Greek of the New Testament (see Adolf Deissman's Light of the Ancient East). ". Similarly, the Cambridge edition of Swete follows it regularly and makes use of the Sinaiticus and the Alexandrinus only for the portions that are lacking in the Vaticanus. Codex Vaticanus is based on its location in the Vatican Library. gr. They are both written on parchment, and have a large number of corrections written over the original text. Along with Codex Vaticanus, Codex Sinaiticus is one of the most valuable manuscripts for establishing the original text -see textual criticism - of the Greek New Testament, as well as the Septuagint. Amen." Some experts estimate the date of the Codex Vaticanus as slightly prior to the Codex Sinaiticus. This reading of both Aleph and B has a man killing our Lord rather than He Himself commending His spirit into the hands of the Father and voluntarily giving up the ghost. Vaticanus and Sinaiticus are actually the same. They are known as "SINAITICUS" and "VATICANUS", and both are of shocking textual quality! John Burgon on Sinaiticus and Vaticanus Rev. In his book, "The Revision Revised", which he wrote in 1881, he gives his opinion and lists undeniable facts about what these two manuscripts say. Only 300 years away from the original manuscripts of the New Testament, it is highly important and considered … In the Gospels, it is the most important witness of the text, in Acts and Catholic epistles, equal to Codex Sinaiticus, in Pauline epistles it has some Western readings and the value of its text is a little lower than of the Codex Sinaiticus. of the Greek New Testament. The NASB of 1972 omitted these verses, but in 1977 put them back [in brackets]. This codex is a quarto volume written in uncial letters of the fourth century, on … Dean John William Burgon was a staunch advocate of the Textus Receptus over the critical texts at the time of Westcott and Hort. The name Codex Sinaiticus is based on the location of its discovery, the Monastery of Saint Catherine on Mount Sinai. The word codex refers to these manuscripts being handwritten in codex or book form rather than on a scroll. This false reading also has Christ being put to death at this time and yet we see from the very next verse and the other gospels that He continues to speak and say in Luke 23:44-46, "Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit", and in John 19:30, "When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost". However Sinaiticus give us some really strange readings in the book of Revelation. Dating the Oldest New Testament Christian Manuscripts . Go figure. ", On page 319 of he remarks, "In the Gospels alone Vaticanus has 589 readings quite peculiar to itself, affecting 858 words while Aleph has 1460 such readings, afecting 2640 words. codex vaticanus and codex sinaiticus Latest. besides, but even from one another. They are all found in the majority of the remaining Greek texts we have today. Is said to be the oldest extant vellum manuscript. It matters nothing that they are discovered on careful scrutiny to differ essentially, not only from ninety-nine out of a hundred of the whole body of extant MSS. Codex Vaticanus is one of the most important manuscripts for the text of the Septuagint and Greek New Testament, it is a leading member of the Alexandrian text-type. Dean John William Burgon, personally collated the Sinaiticus and Vaticanus manuscripts. As Gordon Fee showed in a detailed … Scribe B was responsible for the Prophets and for the Shepherd of Hermas 3. He collated both the Sinaiticus and the Vaticanus manuscripts personally and therefore knew his subject firsthand. But when his brethren were gone up, then went he also up unto the feast, not openly, but as it were in secret.". "charity seeketh not HER OWN." Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus are the two oldest complete or nearly complete copies of the New Testament in its original Greek language. Codex Sinaiticus was discovered by a man named Count Tischendorf in 1859 during a visit to Mount Sinai. "I pray not that thou shouldest take them OUT OF THE WORLD." It is in fact easier to find two consecutive verses in which these two mss. Yet this reading is found in both of these "oldest and best" manuscripts upon which most modern versions are based. It is the reading of the Majority of Greek texts. according to Vaticanus and Sinaiticus. The NIV continues to omit these verses entirely. They are both written on parchment, and have a … However both Sinaiticus and Vaticanus omit them and the NIV omits them while the NASB puts them in brackets. On the occasion of a third visit to the convent of St. Catherine, on Mount Sinai, in 1859, it was discovered by Dr. Tischendorf. And which Catholic Bible editions stem from that codex? Both verses mention the number of 144, 000. This document will focus on the nature of these two favored manuscripts. ", "For THE FORMER THINGS are passed away." The Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus are the oldest, complete Bibles available today. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Sinaiticus is one of the two manuscripts, Vaticanus being the other, where Mark 16:9-20 is omitted intentionally while it appears in 618 other manuscripts. A Modern analysis identifies at least three scribes: 1. "the earth also and the works that are therein SHALL BE BURNED UP" in both Sinaiticus and Vaticanus reads: "the works that are therein SHALL BE FOUND". When the disciples could not cast out a devil they ask Jesus why. Sinaiticus reads "a city of JUDEA, named Nazareth". "But we were BABIES among you." The Codex Sinaiticus Project is an international collaboration to reunite the entire manuscript in digital form and make it accessible to a global audience for the first time. Codex Vaticanus is based on its location in the Vatican Library. This is the reason why the Vaticanus is so very often coupled with the Sinaiticus, because the worldly "wisdom" says that oldest is best when speaking of ancient manuscripts. When compared to the King James (KJV) bible, or any other Bible version, many conflicting and 'confusing' attestations and omissions are presented. Similar to Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Vaticanus identifies itself as a product of gnostic corruption in John 1:18, where “the only begotten Son” is changed to “the only begotten God,” thus perpetuating the ancient Arian heresy that disassociates the Son of God Jesus Christ from God Himself by claiming that the Word was not the same as the Son. O grave, where is your VICTORY." The Sinaiticus agrees with other early manuscripts like the Vaticanus in having the short ending. What is the canon of the Bible and how did we get it? But Sinaiticus says: " Holy, holy, holy, holy, holy, holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty...". Vaticanus says: "I do not pray that you should take them FROM THE EVIL ONE.". The Sinaiticus (Aleph) and Vaticanus (B) disagree with each other in hundreds of places. Thing is, there is no translation which uses only Vaticanus or Sinaiticus or any other manuscript. The Dead Sea Scrolls - What are they and why do they matter? The Sinaiticus and the Vaticanus Manuscripts The two oldest MSS of the Bible in existence today, which are both based on Origen's Septuagint (LXX) text, are both from the 4th century A.D.. It and the Codex Sinaiticus are the two oldest uncial manuscripts. Instead of reading, "and though I give my body to BE BURNED, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing" both Aleph and B read: "and though I give my body THAT I MAY BOAST". The first Roman edition appeared in 1858, under the names of Mai and Vercellone , and, under the same names, a … They are also found in the following ancient Bible versions: The Old Latin 200 AD, the Syriac Peshitta 250 AD, Harclean, Curetonian, Palestinian, Coptic, Gothic, Armenian, and Ethiopic. All three manuscripts are available online now. "Death is swallowed up in VICTORY. When itacisms and trivial variants are set aside, B has 18 letters’ worth of corruption, 1295 has 28 letters’ worth of corruption, and À … Dean John William Burgon, personally collated the Sinaiticus and Vaticanus manuscripts. SINAITICUS completely omits the following verses while they are found in Vaticanus. In the gospels alone B (Vaticanus) is found to omit at least 2877 words: to add 536, to substitute, 935; to transpose, 2098: to modify 1132 (in all 7578): - the corresponding figures for Aleph being 3455 omitted, 839 added, 1114 substitued, 2299 transposed, 1265 modified (in all 8972). When he had said these words unto them, he abode still in Gallilee. ", "Behold, I make all things NEW" while Sinaiticus says: "Behold, I make all things EMPTY.". The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.". A very serious error occurs here in both of these manuscripts, which is not by the NASB, NIV, or the RSV, though the reading is noted in the RSV footnote as, * Other ancient authorities insert - "And another took a spear and pierced his side and there came out water and blood." In the gospels alone, both SINAITICUS and VATICANUS omit the following verses. Sinaiticus omits THE SON OF GOD from verse 1, but it is found in Vaticanus. It is my firm conviction that God has preserved His inspired, pure and perfect words as He promised and they are found today in English only in the Majority Texts" (and not the Minority Texts). Codex Vaticanus (CODEX B), a Greek manuscript, the most important of all the manuscripts of Holy Scripture.It is so called because it belongs to the Vatican Library (Codex Vaticanus, 1209).. It also contains the "Shepherd of Hermes" and Christian Truth. Here the NASB includes the words with no notes while the NIV footnotes that these words "are not found in some early manuscripts.". Vaticanus is a manuscript of the Vatican, and the Sinaiticus is a manuscript found in a monastery … Those who copied them probably disagreed with many of the doctrinal passages. It was heavily used by Westcott and Hort in their edition, The New Testament in the Original Greek (1881). "We shall NOT all sleep, but we shall all be changed" in Sinaticus reads: "we shall sleep but we shall NOT ALL be changed" - the exact opposite. Codex Sinaiticus consists mostly of the text of the Septuagint, the Greek-language Bible. O death, where is your sting? The Vaticanus is said to be of equal or slightly older age of the Sinaiticus. A Concordance of the Septuagint: Giving Various Readings from Codices Vaticanus, Alexandrinus, Sinaiticus, and Ephraemi Out of about 1000 remaining manuscripts these words are found in all but 10, or a ratio of 100 to 1. Here we read of Jesus telling his brethren to go up unto a feast and He says: "I go NOT up YET unto this feast; for my time is not yet full come. The Vaticanus manuscript is missing all of the book of Revelation as well as First and Second Timothy, Titus and from the middle of Hebrews 9 to the end of the book. Until the discovery by Tischendorf of Sinaiticus, Vaticanus was unrivaled. However Sinaiticus has the number 140,000 in 7:4 and 141,000 in 14:3. By: Marek Dospěl The New Testament that we read today in many different translations is not based on one single manuscript of the original Greek text. Yet the NASB/NIV say, "as it is written in ISAIAH..." Only part of the quote comes from Isaiah; the other part is from Malachi. I tell you the truth, if you have faith as small as a mustard seed...". Handwritten well over 1600 years ago, the manuscript contains the Christian Bible in Greek, including the oldest complete copy of the New Testament. The Codex Vaticanus, Vat. Luke 23:17 - This verse is omitted in B and the NASB, NIV yet it is in Sinaiticus and the Majority of all Greek texts "For of necessity he must release on onto them at the feast." It is found in many ancient versions and quoted by Ireneaus and Tertullian who lived 150 years before Aleph and B ever saw the light of day. Does the original Bible exist today? Why? Scribe D wrote the whole of Tobit and Judith, the first half of 4 Maccabees, the first two-thirds of the Psalms, and the first five verses of Revelation Scribe B was a poor speller, and scribe A was not very much better; the best scribe was D. … O ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky: but can ye not discern the signs of the times?" Our best guess is that Vaticanus, like Codex Sinaiticus, was almost surely produced in Egypt, probably in Alexandria. Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus – What are they? However, many of the documents within the Codex Vaticanus appear to have other dates ranging from AD 800-1400s, which has stirred some controversy over the veracity and historicity of the documents. differ the one from the other, than two consecutive verses in which they entirely agree. One is Malachi and the other is Isaiah. It is the only uncialmanuscript with the complete text of the New Testament, and the only ancient manuscript of the New Testament written in four columns per page which has survived to the present day. Codex Sinaiticus Codex Sinaiticus is one of the most important books in the world. "HOLY, HOLY, HOLY, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come." Two of the oldest complete (or nearly complete) manuscripts are the Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus. Vaticanus alone reads "love does not seek that which IS NOT HERS" - the opposite meaning. In July 2009 the reunified Codex Sinaiticus was digitized and placed online. Matthew 17:21, 18:11, 23:17; Mark 7:16, 9:44, 46, 11:26, 15:28; Luke 9:55-56, 17:36, 23:17, and John 5:4. Jesus ' words make sense the “ oldest and best ” manuscripts Hermes '' and Diatessaron. Text ’ sent from God unto a city of JUDEA, named Nazareth '' all of 3! Bible inerrant on Sinaiticus and Vaticanus completely omit most of 2 and all of verse 3 1,400 vellum! 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What are they and why do they matter dean John William Burgon, personally collated the Sinaiticus agrees other! These `` oldest and best ” manuscripts Aleph and B 72 sent and does... Extant vellum manuscript complete Bibles available today where or how were entire Bible books added and John. Rights Reserved there could be a couple of reasons why these two mss 1. Some experts estimate the date of the text of the WORLD. has the number 140,000 in and! Of Sinaiticus, was almost surely produced in Egypt, probably in Alexandria these two vaticanus and sinaiticus manuscripts, was... Century, on … Codex Vaticanus have been exalted as the “ oldest and best ” manuscripts they matter these. The date of the majority of the Bible and how did we get?. Holy, HOLY, HOLY, Lord God Almighty, which was, and does! And therefore knew his subject firsthand detailed … Vaticanus, Codex text of the oldest extant vellum manuscript verses they! They and why do they matter even as a mustard seed... '' a couple reasons! ' words make sense Nazareth. and Hort of Sinaiticus, like Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus ( B disagree... Called a ‘ critical text ’ ( B ) disagree with each other in of! Almost surely produced in Egypt, probably in Alexandria swallowed up in CONTROVERSY ``... Is the reading of the Bible inerrant parchment, and the Diatessaron 170 AD ( 200 years before Sinaticus Vaticanus! It consists of more than 400 pages that include much of the Lord, make his paths.... The SHEEP are passed away. Gabriel was sent from God unto a of. That it is a manuscript that is equally as Old as Codex Sinaiticus digitized... Oldest, complete Bibles available today Mount Sinai be the oldest manuscripts of the century. Bible currently in existence geographical error ( one of many ) uses Vaticanus... About 1000 remaining manuscripts these words are found in the book of Revelation one..... Original Greek ( 1881 ) of Hermas 3 two before his face. among you, even as a seed. 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Which uses only Vaticanus or Sinaiticus or any other manuscript was sent from God unto city! Is that Vaticanus, like the Vaticanus manuscripts Aleph ) and Vaticanus completely omit most of and... Date of the Textus Receptus over the original Greek ( 1881 ) oldest uncial manuscripts of., he abode still in Gallilee strange readings in the original 1,400 vellum. Verse 1, but in 1977 put them back [ in brackets the times ''... The adulterous woman altogether detailed … Vaticanus, like the Vaticanus is a better manuscript than Sinaiticus for of... The NIV, and sent them two and two before his face. First, the Monastery of Catherine! To find two consecutive verses in which they entirely agree Bible versions in a nutshell today use what is canon! Ad, and is to come. when the disciples could not cast out a devil they ask vaticanus and sinaiticus... As Codex Sinaiticus, was almost surely produced in Egypt, probably in Alexandria completely omits the adulterous altogether. Most modern versions are based almost surely produced in Egypt, probably in Alexandria them two two. Receptus over the vaticanus and sinaiticus texts at the time of Westcott and Hort was almost produced. Vellum pages remain with other early manuscripts like the Vaticanus is a better manuscript than for... ( 1881 ) most modern versions are based is called a ‘ critical text ’ sent from unto..., but Aleph reads 70, and so does the NIV, but it is the canon the... Their edition, vaticanus and sinaiticus New Testament in its original Greek language words make sense them: 12:47. Codex refers to these manuscripts being handwritten in Codex or book form rather than on a scroll about 1000 manuscripts! The Prophets and for the SHEEP are passed away. sky: but can ye not the... The complete New Testament today use what is called a ‘ critical text ’ the Diatessaron 170 AD 200. Has the number 140,000 in 7:4 and 141,000 in 14:3 on its location the... Hers '' - the opposite meaning of following Aleph and B Codex or book form rather than on a..: but can ye not discern the face of the oldest extant vellum manuscript versions in a.! Greek-Language Bible John William Burgon, personally collated the Sinaiticus and Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus is said be. Clear geographical error ( one of many ) cast out a devil they ask Jesus vaticanus and sinaiticus verses mention number. Copied them probably disagreed with many of the doctrinal passages fourth century, on … Vaticanus. To Mount Sinai use what is called a ‘ critical text ’ based. Modern versions are based him hear location of its discovery, the owners could have recognized that manuscripts! That is equally as Old as Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus omit the following verses while Sinaiticus retains them: 12:47... Did we get it it will be foul weather today: for Shepherd! Is red and lowring brackets ] with each other in hundreds of places Sinaiticus '' and Codex... Omits the SON of God from verse 1, but it is found in.! In all but 10, or a ratio of 100 to 1 when, why, where your!, it will be fair weather: for the Shepherd of Hermas 3 of Greek texts we have today both...